Reproductive treatments and processes have improved, making IVF one of the most sought for. Here, you can learn about the science behind it and the effects to expect. According to statistics, infertility is a common issue many women have to deal with. In fact, 1/3 of all the infertility cases are in women, while other cases include male infertility issues or both male and female problems that can’t be resolved.
Based on records, due to economic or social reasons, people decide to delay having children much later in life. However, the older we get, the more the quality of the egg decreases, making it more difficult to conceive.
This can be a serious emotional problem for many couples who are trying to have a child for a long time. Research shows that such kind of problem can put a huge strain on the relationships.
As a result, many decide to pursue IVF. The demand for this procedure has only increased in the last decade. But what can you expect from IVF? Here, we will delve deeper into IVF and talk about the science behind it.
What Is IVF?
IVF (in vitro fertilization) is a reproductive procedure that aids with the development of the embryo, fertilization of the egg, and its implantation. In order words, it helps women get pregnant. It is one of the most famous types of reproductive technology. It is a mix of surgeries and medications to implant and fertilize an egg.
Factors that Contribute to IVF Success
When it comes to fertilization procedures like IVF, the most crucial factor that plays a very important role is age. According to statistics, younger women have a higher chance of conceiving a child with the help of IVF, while older women are less likely to succeed.
Another factor that plays an important role is eggs. Older women have a lower quality of eggs, meaning they can’t use their own to increase the chances for success.
To be more precise, women younger than 35 have a 40% chance to succeed with IVF, while those who are in their late 40s or more have a 4% chance to see beneficial results. Another factor that should be taken note of is the previous pregnancy.
Getting pregnant with the same partner you previously had a child with can increase the chances of success. However, if other fertility problems like fibroid tumors and abnormalities occur, they can reduce the chance by a substantial amount.
While it may seem unimportant for some people, lifestyle habits do play a role as well. Women who smoke daily have a much lower chance than others who lead a healthier lifestyle. In addition to this, obesity is a factor most people overlook. According to records, women with healthy and normal weight have a better chance of success with IVF.
NAD+ is also an important factor that contributes to IVF. NAD+ is a coenzyme we can’t live without. It exists in every living cell making it one of the most important coenzymes in all biological processes, especially for giving life.
However, the older we get, the more the levels of this coenzyme decreases. Studies show that replenishing these levels increases the chance of conceiving, decreases the defects of an early embryo, and increases the ovulation rate in women making the IVF treatment more likely to succeed.
In animal studies, regulating NAD+ pathways proved beneficial in managing the ovulation rate, which, in turn, leads to a better ovarian function. These results show that even though it is more difficult to conceive as we get older, the NAD+ molecule can serve as a beneficial treatment for infertility problems caused by old age.
The NAD+ coenzyme is often studied and researched to improve its efficiency. It is even possible that with time, the effects could increase.
What to Expect from IVF?
Firstly, IVF treatments can be expensive.
The IVF treatment will focus on two big steps, and those are:
- Egg retrieval
- Embryo transfer
With surgery, the egg will be extracted from the ovaries and stored in a fertility clinic. Then, the woman will receive a needle in the ovaries in a process known as follicular aspiration. Lastly, when the procedure is done, the woman can rest for a couple of hours before she can go home. When the embryo is ready, it can be returned to the uterus.
Many people decide to postpone having children much later in their life. As a result, for more and more people today, it is harder to conceive.